Bharat:Indigenous Defense Development
Post on 17,November 2012   1:40 AM
By - Mrs. Pallavi Kumari
views 6194
Bookmark and Share

It was in early 1980s, the progressive and ambitious Prime Minister Indira Gandhi along with R. Venkataraman (Defense minister) and his scientific advisor VS Arunachalam, looking that Indian scientists have gathered enough competence in rocket science (propulsion and navigation), took initiative to start a program to integrate these technologies in the name of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam who had established his excellence in SLV 3 development program for ISRO and he later become President of INDIA, was appointed as DRDL director in 1983 to lead IGMDP. There were four projects inducted in the program:

 

  • Prithvi: A surface to surface short range missile.
  • Akash: A surface to air missile-medium range.
  • Nag: An Anti tank missile.
  • Trishul: A Surface to air missile-short range.

 

Agni missile was also part of this program but was separated after Agni I was successfully test fired in 1991. Indian government agreed to provide separate budget for Agni due to its strategic importance.

Looking at the ambitious and aggressive progress of the program India was restricted to procure main components for making a missile by the ‘Missile Technology Control Regime’. (An informal group of 7 nations; US, UK, Japan, Germany, France, Italy and Canada; Established in 1987) But the team Decided not to give up and develop these materials, components and sub-systems themselves. So with the help from DRDO lab and Institutes they developed everything, without any outside help, indigenously; though it took longer time but gave an in-satiable thirst to the scientist to develop and develop even more.

8th Jan 2008 is marked as completion date for the program. Calling it “successful” would not even suffice to justify the work and energy went into this mission. These are developed and tested to pin-point accuracy; best in their category.  Indian Armed Forces have inducted most of these missiles.

Prithvi:

The Prithvi (पृथ्वी, Earth) missiles are surface to surface ballistic missile with short range. Its design and development started in 1983. It was first Ballistic Missile which was developed 100% in INDIA. In 1988 its first test took place in Shriharikota. These missiles are developed to be Tactical weapon during war-time with a range of 150-350 Km, capable of carrying nuclear warhead as well. Also these are developed to be used by all three armed forces. The naval variant is termed as Dhanush. 8.55 m long single stage liquid or both (solid and liquid) fuel propelled missiles have been already included to for use.

Agni:

The Agni (अग्नि; Fire) missiles are Surface-to-surface ballistic missiles; medium range to intercontinental range. These missiles are designed to be strategic weapon capable of carrying nuclear warhead as well as conventional. They are propelled by solid fueled which makes them swifter in case of needed retaliation. The Agni V and VI are capable of multiple reentry vehicles (MIRV), it means that they can destroy more than one target at a time and amplify the damage to a bigger area. So far there are 6 variants:

Agni I

MRBM

700-1200 km

Single stage

Operational -2002

Agni II

IRBM

2000-3000 km

Two and half stage

Operational – 1999

Agni III

IRBM

3500-5000 km

Two Stage

Operational – 2011

Agni IV

IRBM

3000-3500 km

Two Stage

Tested

Agni V

ICBM

5500-5800 km

Three stage

Tested

Agni VI

ICBM

8000-10000 km

Three stage

Under development

 

Akash:

AkashThe Akash (आकाश, sky) is a surface-to-air medium range missile. I came out to be one of the most missile project (120 M US $). With a range to 30 km, speed of Mach 2.5, ramjet propulsion system which will maintain the speed; it can intercept an aircraft as high as 18 KM. It is Radar-guidance system which can work though any jamming or electronic countermeasures.

Nag:

The Nag (नाग, cobra) is an Anti-tank missile designed for top attack equipped with HEAT (High explosive anti-tank) warhead, which enables to penetrate though toughest armor. It’s a ‘fire-and-forget’ generation three, all weather missile with range 3 km to 7 km.

Trishul:

The Trishul (त्रिशूल, trident) is a surface-to-air with short range of 9-12 km capable of attacking low-level targets (sea skimming) in all weather conditions. It is designed for quick reaction (as fast as 6 second from detection to launch) to helicotors and fighter jets with speed less than 500 m/s (~mach 1.5)

 


Back
Comments ( 0 )
Add a comment
Your name: *
E-mail:
The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
Title:


Related Articles

Prelims Online Test Series
UPSC 2018 Prelims Test Series Registration Link

UPSC REGISTRATION
JPSC 2017-18 PRELIMS Test Series

REGISTRATION
PolyEyes Recent Updates
Most Recent Comments

sir can available in Bihar SI test series in polyeyes . Please sir tell me

by Dhananjay

Yes, Boys can also apply

by Help Desk PolyEyes

Question bank required

by Binit

This job will be great aportunity for graduate lable

by Rohit Kumar

No one will reply for   new cutoff.  All predictors are in dialema abt the decision of bpsc. 

by Pankaj Tiwari

Sir boys cdpo apply kar sakta hai

by Amarjit Kumar

I have seen your last bpsc pre prediction which was 100%accurate,so i want to know that what would be the cut off this time when bpsc is going to select only 6420 candidates for mains?

by Mr. SANKI MAN

Plz tell me which book is good for preparation and date

by Priyanka

Hello. 

Whdo  Will I do my intermediate level exam bank chalan receipt will stolen. I am so confused after prelims examination what is the role of this chaln in mains exam

by Pankaj Prakash

My son is -21/07/1987 my exam center is in ranchi.l had lost my admit card.can u please provide me my roll no.so that l can check the result.

by AMRENDRA Kumar
Get RSS Feeds
  • All Stories
  • Recently Published Stories
  • Most Viewed Stories
  • Just In Photos
  • Most Viewed Photos