Broadly divided into following four families :-
1. Indo European family (Arya)
2. Dravidian family (Dravida)
3. Austric famliy (Nishada)
4. Sino Tibetan family ( kirata )
■ About 73% of the Indian population speaks different languages of the Aryan family.
■ Dravidian family is spoken by 20% of Indian population.
■ Austric and Sino Tibetan is spoken by small number of people.
The Aryan Language ▶
a . The Dardie Aryan language.
b. The Indo Aryan language.
The Dardie Aryan language -
1- Shina including kashmiri, shina proper and kohistani.
2- khowar /Chatrani /Chitrali.
3- Kafiristan/ Nuristani.
The Indo-Aryan language -
1- Northern Aryan language.
2- North Western Aryan language.
3- Southern Aryan language.
4- Eastern Aryan language.
5- East - central Aryan language.
6- Central Aryan language.
■ Among the Aryan language , Hindi is the most important language spoken by a large percentage of people of the country.
In every Indian state , Hindi speaking people are commonly found. Even the illiterate people can speak and understand Hindi.
Dravidian language ▶ Dravidian language are older than Aryan languages. Dravidian entered India much before Aryans . Dravidian language fall under two major groups as under :-
a. The North Dravidian language.
b. The South Dravidian language.
Austric language ▶ The Austric language of India belong to the Austro Asiatic sub family. This category is further subdivided into :-
a. Munda or kol language.
b. Mon- khmer language.
Sino- Tibetan language ▶ Depending upon the region of settlement , these languages are put into several groups. Sino-tibetan language have three major sub-divisions :-
a. The Tibeto Himalayan.
b . The North Assamese .
c. The Assam - Myanomari ( Burmese).
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