Buddhism was founded by Gautam Buddha ( Siddharta). He belonged to the republican tribe Sakyas of Kapilvastu. He was born in 563 B.C at Lumbini ( Nepal). He is said to renounce world at the age of 29 years after witnessing four scenes in a sequence (Old Man, Sick Man, Dead Body and astcetic) and attined nirvana at 35 years of age at Bodhgya under a pepal tree on the Banks of Niranjan (Phalgu) river on the 49th day of his meditation. He delivered his first sermon ( Dhramchakra Parivarthana ) at sarnath and died at the age of 80 years in 483 B.C at Kushinagar in U.P.
Since Buddha was born in republican clan of Sakyas , He was Known as Sakyamuni.
Important persion associated with Buddha: Suddhodhana (Father) , Mahamaya (Mother), Yasodhara (Wife), Rahula (Son), Devdatta (Cousin), Alara Kalma of Vaisali, Gutami (Step Mother and also she was first Buddhist Nun), Ananda (His favourite Disciple), Channa (Charioteer), Kanthaka (His Hourse), Kassapa or Kasyapa (His most learned disciple), Upali ( barber), Yasa (Rich Youth).
Five Important Events and the Related Symbols
Four Noble Truths (Arya Satyas)
Three Jewels( Triratnas)
Important Buddhist Councils
First Council: It was held immediately after the death of Buddha in 483 B.C at Rajagriha under the patronage of Ajatashatru, under the chairmenship of Mahkassapa. In this council Ananada composed the Suttapitaka containing the Buddhist saying and Upali composed the Vinayapitaka containing the monastic codes of Buddhism.
Second Council: it wa sheld in 383 B.C at Vaishali undet the patronage of Kalasoka and chairmenship of Sabakami. There was division of Buddist sanga into the orthodox Sthaviravadins or Therevadins and un orthodox Mahasanghikas.
Third Council: It was held in 250 B.C at Patliputra under the patronage of Ashoka and chairmenship of Moggaliputta Tissa ( Upagupta). The third council led to the establishment of the Sathaviravadins as the true followers. Abhidhama Pitika, the third of Buddhist Pali cannon was composedat the third council.
Fourth Council: It was held in 1st century AD at Kasmir under the patronage of Kanishka and chairmanship of Vasumitra. It resulted in division into two major sects- Hinayana and Mahayana. The delibration of council were in Sanskrit instead of Pali. Spread of Buddhism to another Asian countries, Mahayanism in central Asia, China, Japan and Hinyana in cylon, Burma, Thiland and parts of South East Asia.
Our heritage is hard earned fruit, and not just a concrete physical structure. It is an embodiment of rich history and personified art. No doubt that government of India is making all efforts to protect these sites but at the same time these are targeted to be cash-cows for tourists making it more vulnerable and damage-prone. We need to respect it as much as we protect it. ...
"The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill - 2016" has been passed. The Bill will replace the existing Persons with Disability Act (Equal opportunities, protection of rights and full participation), 1995, which was enacted 21 years back. ...
UPSC Art and Culture Special: Evaluation of Cave Architecture In India. Evolution of human race has long historic and scientific lineage. The first organized settlement traces can be obtained from prehistorical "ROCK CUT CAVES" . It gives the brief understanding of way living and conditions which...
Detailed Classification of Indian Languages.Detailed Classification of Indian Languages Broadly divided into following four families :- 1. Indo European family (Arya) 2. Dravidian family (Dravida) 3. Austric famliy (Nishada) 4. Sino Tibetan family ( kirata )...
UPSC Art and Culture Special: Burra Katha Folk Art from Andhra Pradesh. This narrative folk art is popular with different names in different region of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. In Rayalseema region it is famous with the name of Tandana Katha or Suddulu, in coastal Andhra Pradesh it is known...
It is very important fair for Indians and many foreigners come every year. The different competitions are held. Beauty contests and bridal competition are some of the famous one. Along with that, matka phod, longest moustache and many other competitions. Everyone knows that it is the only place ...
So have you started making plans for spending holidays in this season? If not then take a look at this splendid place let the surroundings of Kheer Ganga weave their magic on you and rejuvenate your senses....
Travelling is very much liked by everyone whether a girl, boy, children, youths and old age people. Everyone likes to visit such places where they can enjoy different kinds of things. They want to visit a city that gives pleasant and wonderful experience after enjoying there....
In the ancient time, the ladies who belonged to the high society used to get their clogs customized according to their dresses. Time has changed since then but still women love to wear a customized clog with their dress....
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Answer to Question No. 149 is (a)203 kwh . Kindly go through economic survey of Bihar (2015-16).
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