Fishery Subsidies Reporting To WTO By India
Post on 01,March 2017   4:00 AM
By - PolyEyes Staff
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According to the UN FAO’s ‘State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture’, almost a third of commercial fish stocks are now fished at biologically unsustainable levels.So, there have been demands from US- led group of nations for a ban on subsidies given for illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing. 

India has notified the WorldTrade Organization (WTO) on thesubsidies it pays to the fishermen.

This led India to file subsidies data in WTO which are worth Rs.284 crore in 2014-15. Tamil Nadu had the highest subsidy with Rs.169 crore (of which Rs.148 crore is in fuel category) 

Outcome of providing these subsidies:

  • To protect and secure the livelihood of traditional and poor fishing communities.
  • The subsidies were provided to fishermen who were either homeless or poor boat owners, those with registered craft and members of fishermen cooperative societies.

 

They went for vital components such as: 

  • Fuel, purchase of inboard machine, purchasing nets, accessories, life-saving jackets etc.
  • Insurance cover to fishermen for accident due to cyclone/mishap/calamities etc.,

India’s take on this: Ban on subsidies for IUU fishing could lead to prohibition even on fishing that could be termed non-IUU. This could, in turn, harm the interests of lakhs of subsistence fisher folk in poor and developing nations. 

Conclusion: A unanimity among WTO members on what constitutes IUU fishing should be achieved first.Also important steps to develop nations and prioritizing negotiations on fisheries subsidies should be taken in a broader prospect rather than just picking a few from in-between.


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