India became an associate member of CERN, after govt. completed approval procedures on the agreement it signed last year.
CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research)
· CERN is based in Geneva
· CERN is the world’s largest nuclear and particle physics laboratory, dedicated to the fundamental structure of the Universe.
· Presently CERN has 22 member states, four associate member states, and seven observers including four states and three International Organizations.
· Projects at CERN:
Ø The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator. It aims to study the fundamentals of universe.
Ø Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS): It is a general-purpose detector at the LHC. Its studies the Standard Model (including the Higgs boson) .It is also searching for extra dimensions and particles that make up dark matter.
Ø ALICE is the acronym for A Large Ion Collider Experiment. It researches in the physics of matter at infinitely small scale. E.g. Research on quarks which make protons and neutrons.
India’s relation with CERN:
India’s involvement with CERN began in the 1960s with Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, participating in CERN experiments.
India was inducted as an observer in CERN in 2004.
India and CERN signed a Cooperation Agreement in 1991, setting priorities for scientific cooperation.
In the 1990s, scientists of Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore built accelerator components for CERN
Many Indians have made contributed to the construction of the LHC accelerator, ALICE and CMS experiments at CERN.
Indian scientist’s role in LHC helped in the discovery of Higgs Boson.
In the field of large- scale computing, India has designed, developed and deployed software for the Worldwide Large Hadron Collider Grid (WLCG).
Conclusion: The associate membership status of India will enhance participation of young scientists and engineers in various CERN projects. This will also help redirect the knowledge gained in CERN to the domestic programmes which will lead to Indian industry to be entitled for availing CERN contracts directly, opening opportunities for in areas of advanced technology. India will improve its global stature and they can enjoy better representation by taking part in meetings of the CERN Council and its committees (Finance Committee and Scientific Policy Committee). In addition to it Indian scientists will become eligible for staff appointments. Though the Associate membership will cost about Rs 80 crores annually with no voting rights unlike the members but the fact that can’t be denied that this membership is surely a step forward towards advancement.
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sir,your prediction about cut off for general(85-95) is on the basis of 9000 results or more than that.further there is 35% horizontal reservation to women.please clarify
sir please do reply on the above comment.also tell about the expected date for main exam
Due to�previous records of jpsc ....can u tell there were any possibilities that jpsc conduct
7th jpsc as on 12 nov 2017....can we prepare for it
Yes gear up , early starters alwaz has edge.
Proud to be a Bihari
i have scored 91 as per the answer keys ,any chance for mains genral category
i am scoring 90 according to bpsc answer key.i belong to gen category . i have challenged 5 questions(LPG,KING KHARWELA,UNFCCC,PARTICULATE MATTER,AND SEAT OF AN MP).please tell me whether i should focus on mains.this is because upsc pre is scheduled on 18 june and currently facing dilemma regarding allocation of time.please reply as it will be helpful during last hours of preparation