Know Your Presidents Legislative Powers
Post on 15,June 2012   9:58 PM
By - PolyEyes Staff
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The position of president of India is, indeed, not unimportant. He is not a rubber stamp, nor is he real ruler. He does not indeed rule, but he does not either reign. He asserts when it is necessary. It is the president who preserves, protects and defends the constitution. As he himself maintains the constitution, he is not answerable to any court, nor can any criminal proceedings be instituted against him. The president is an integral part of Parliament of India, and enjoys following legislative powers.

  • He can summon or prorogue the parliament and also dissolve the Lok sabha. He can also summon joint sitting of both houses of parliament, which is presided over by the speaker of the Lok sabha.
  • He can address the parliament at the commencement of the first session after each general election and the first session of each year.
  • He can send message to the houses of parliament, whether with respect to a bill pending in the parliament or otherwise.
  • He can appoint any member of Lok sabha to preside over its proceedings when the office of both speaker and deputy speaker fall vacant. Similarly, he can also appoint any member Rajya sabha to preside the proceedings when the offices of both chairmen and deputy chairmen fall vacant.
  • He nominates 12 member of the Rajya Sabha from amongst persons having special knowledge or practical knowledge experience in literature, science, art and social service.
  • He can nominate two members to lok sabha from Anglo-Indian community.
  • He decides on questions as to be disqualifications of members of the parliament, in consultation with the Election commission.
  • His prior recommendation or permission is needed to introduce certain types of bill in the parliament. For example, a bill involving expenditure from consolidated fund of India, or bill for the alteration of the boundaries of states or creation of new state.
  • He can promulgate ordinances when the parliament is not in the session. These ordinances must be approved by the parliament within six weeks from its reassembly. He can withdraw an ordinance at any time.
  • He lays the reports of the comptroller and Auditor general, Union Public Service Commission, Finance commission and others before parliament.
  • He can make regulations for the peace, progress, and good government the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu . In the case of Puducherry also, president can legislate by making regulations but only when the assembly is suspended or dissolved.

 


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