Need Of An Expatriation Policy Owing To Increasing Indian Diaspora All Over The World
Post on 02,July 2017   3:00 AM
By - PolyEyes Staff
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India has an extensive experience conducting evacuation operations, but given the rising economic contributions and political influence of Indian citizens abroad and the increasing complexity of these operations, the incentives to ensure the success of future ones are now even greater. Recently held operations are Rahat (Yemen), Sankat Mochan (South Sudan), to name a few.

On the other hand US, UK and the NATO have institutionalized non- combatant evacuation operations (NEO) doctrine. Not only the developed countries but the one’s in developing stage, for instance Brazil too has a standard operating procedure (SOP).India does not have a comprehensive evacuation policy to evacuate Indian stranded in conflict zone though It has conducted more than thirty evacuation operations across Africa, Asia, and Europe, including its largest-ever civilian airlift of 110,000 people from the Persian Gulf in 1990.

What does the statistics say ?

  • According to the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), an estimated 11 million Indian citizens now permanently reside abroad, and almost 16 million people of Indian origin hold other citizenships.
  • The annual average rate of growth of India’s diaspora population was 4.5 percent between 2000 and 2015.
  • Personal remittances are now twenty-nine times what they were in 1990, playing a vital role in the country’s economic growth and development policies.
  • Many more Indians are traveling abroad in 2015, the government registered more than 20 million departures, or five times as many as in 2000.

Why need for comprehensive policy: As figures suggest political instability rattles the West Asian region which hosts more than seven million Indian and therefore the increasing size and complexity of the diaspora requires the government to expand capacity and improve procedures.

However, given the lack of formal doctrine or emergency plan, the success of India’s missions has mostly been due to individual sacrifices of officials from its diplomatic corps, flagship carrier and armed forces.

What needs to be done: The Government needs to build an analytical model pertaining to all the experiences in conducting such operations that can be done collectively studying India’s history, best practices and all the loopholes.

Hierarchy needs to be well assigned in such cases as there is no time to think but to act, a committee should prepare a manual with guidelines that establish a clear chain of command and division of competencies

Diplomatic scenario between India and other countries should be more focused upon and in collaboration with Delhi government. Political differences should at no step hamper the international paradigm.

Political soundness and specific code of conduct should be laid down for specific training to operate in hostile environments.

The government has to assign a greater role to its armed forces, in particular by strengthening the Navy and Air Force’s capacity to operate in tandem with civilian authorities.

Bureaucratic redundancies has to be entirely done away with especially for specific situations like these and a permanent inter-ministerial coordinating mechanism for emergency evacuations can be comprehended, incentivizing inter-agency cross-posting of officials dealing with diaspora affairs, and simultaneous indulgence of motivation for state governments to cooperate via regional contingency plans.

Financial aid has to be kept at arm’s length as this is the base of every activity, government must establish a permanent civil reserve air fleet that pools aircraft from all Indian airlines based on pre- established requisition and reimbursement process. Rehabilitation too can only be facilitated with initial appropriations.

Investing in new technologies to better monitor the diaspora’s profile and mobility along with efforts to manage public opinion with efficient diplomacy at international level can safely extricate Overseas Indians from conflict zones.

Concluding Remark: An increasing number of states are making the safety and well-being of their expatriate populations a central concern of their foreign policies. Whether for their remittances, security profile, or political influence, migrants are now playing a greater role in a world of unprecedented cross-border mobility. This is particularly true in India’s case. The Indian diaspora is now larger, more diverse and geographically distributed, and more politically influential than ever before; thus, it is also becoming increasingly important to India’s economic wealth. This large community of overseas Indians includes both expatriates holding an Indian passport and former citizens and other individuals who trace their ancestry back to the Indian subcontinent.

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