Nobel Prize 2015 Updates : Must Know Facts About Nobel Prize
Post on 07,October 2015   2:00 AM
By - Mr. Om Singh
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The month of October is Nobel Prize time, this is the time when committees in Oslo and Stockholm announces the winners of the world's most prestigious awards in the world. The award announcements will follow during the week with Medical, physics , chemistry, Peace and economics,though the exact date has not been confirmed.

On December 10, 2015, each Nobel prize is worth 8 million Swedish kronor ($960,000) and will be handed out with a diploma and gold medal.

Story behind creation of the Nobel Prizes : The prizes in medicine, physics, litrature, chemistry and peace were established by the inventor of the dynamite and a wealthy Swedish industrialist, the Alfred Nobel. After five year of Alfted Nobel death, in 1901 the first Nobel awards were awarded.

It was the Sweden's central bank in 1968, which created the economics award (officially known as the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences) in Memory of Alfred Nobel.

However, it is handed out along with the other Nobel prizes and even  the selection criteria for selecting winners is similar as that of Nobel prizes. But, it is  not a Nobel Prize in the same sense.

Secrecy : The Nobel statutes do not permit the judges from discussing their deliberations. 
So, the judges maintains secrecy and do not give any  hint about the winners before the official announcements, but in few cases it gets gets out in the public.

Nominating Authority for the Nobel Prize : Thousands of people including lawmakers, university professors, previous Nobel laureates, committee members themselves are eligible to submit the nomination.

The nominations of the Nobel Prizes are kept secret for 50 years. However, those nominates them sometimes announces their nominations publicly, particularly in case of the Nobel Peace Prize.

This is why we know that Angela Merkel, the Chancellor of Germany, former NSA contractor Edward Snowden, Pope Francis and imprisoned Saudi blogger Raif Badawi are among this year’s 273 nominees.

The Norwegian connection to Nobel Prizes : The Alfred Nobel wanted that the Nobel Peace Prize shall be presented in Norway while the other awards shall be presented in Sweden. The Nobel Foundation in Stockholm manages the prize money.


Nobel Prizes for 2015

Medicine : The Nobel Prize 2015 in Physiology or Medicine jointly went to William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura, and Youyou Tu.

Mr. Campbell and Mr. Omura won it for "their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites", while Ms. Tu won it for "her discoveries concerning a novel therapy for malaria.

Physics : The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2015 to Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald "for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass".

Chemistry : The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015 was awarded jointly to Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar "for mechanistic studies of DNA repair".

Literature : The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2015 is awarded to the Belarusian author Svetlana Alexievich "for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time".

Peace Prize : The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2015 is to be awarded to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011. 
Economics Prize: The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2015 was awarded to Angus Deaton "for his analysis of consumption, poverty, and welfare".

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