Ropar Loosing At Migratory Bird Count
Post on 29,January 2018   5:00 AM
By - PolyEyes Staff
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Although there was an increase in number of some of the species- Eurasian coot, bar-headed geese, and spot-billed duck.

What are the reasons for this fall? Ropar is a riverine wetland with no or less vegetation; but there are farmlands along the riverbanks where geese and ducks go for feeding. However, farmers try to keep them away from their land. Continuous human intervention and disturbances evidently are the major reason for the decline in number. Also at Ropar, human recreation facilities such as boating, fishing and higher concentration of dwellings along the riverbanks seem to obstruct free movement of these water birds.

Wetlands International is the only global NGO dedicated to the conservation and wise use of wetlands.

Asian Water bird Census: Every January, thousands of volunteers across Asia and Australasia visit wetlands in their country and count water birds.

Ecologically Sensitive Area (ESA): MoEF defines it is as a bio- climatic unit wherein human actions have caused irreversible changes in the structure of biological communities and their natural habitats.

As per Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, the government can prohibit industrial operations like mining, sand quarrying and thermal power plants in it. But Environmental Act 1986 does not mention ESA explicitly.

This event is called the Asian Water bird Census (AWC), which is part of a global water bird monitoring programme, he International Water bird Census (IWC),coordinated by Wetlands International. The AWC initiated in 1987 in the Indian subcontinent and this was 50th AWC. In India, the AWC is jointly coordinated by the Bombay Natural History Society and Wetlands International.

Concluding Remark: More than 350 species of bird migrate to India even as there has been a decline in the number of some of these migratory avians due to various reasons, including pollution of wetland by domestic sewage, hunting, trapping of migratory routes, indiscriminate use of pesticides and fertilizers, reduction of habitat, climate change.

On the steps taken by the government for protection of migratory birds, Mr. Javadekar said rarer and endangered species are included in the Schedule 1 of Wildlife Protection Act 1972 thereby according the highest degree of protection. Other steps taken in this regard includes stringent punishments for violation of the Act, notification of important habitats of these birds as protected areas, establishment of wildlife crime control bureau for control of illegal trade and others.

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