Surrogacy in India: Commercial surrogacy in India has been around for a couple of decades now. The first surrogate baby in India was born in 1994. The industry has since envoled , And today India offers some of the best fertility packages in the world. Intending parents with a valid fertility visa can come to India and get their IVF procedures done, here healthy surrogates, returns home and monitor the entire to take the children home after they are born.
Earlier, the agreements between intending parents and surrogates more oral and the latter were often underpaid and ill- treated. Today, there are proper contracts to ensure that neither party is cheated.
In many of the bigger and better organised fertility clinics, the surrogates are housed in special homes, given proper diet, medical checkups and maintenance allowances.
At present, the surrogacy business functions under the regulatory guidelines issued by the Indian council of Medical Research. It is estimated that surrogacy industry in India has a turnover of more than $ 400 million a year. The g,government's recent proposal to ban commercial surrogacy in India has sparked a heated debate in the country.
Why according to some such would be disastrous: Over the years, the surrogacy industrys in India has grown into a multi - crore industry. Such move would not just badly hit surrogacy industry in india, but also would put embroyonic human lives, being gestated in the safe wombs of alternate mother, at stake.
Such ban would affect the surrogates, who are in it because it is a means of livelihood. From their perspective, there is nothing morally or ethically wrong because the babies are conceived through injection ( embryo implant) and not through sexual intercourse.
The ban would also hurt the sentiments of intending parents. For them, surrogacy is a boon which gives them the child they never thought they could have fertility specialists would lose their job.
How such ban proved disastrous in Thailand: Thailand, a popular destination for fertility tourisms, suddenly clamped a ban on commercial surrogacy earier thereafter a couple of disasters exposed the darks side of the industry.
However, the result was choes . A number of surrogates in various stage of pregnancy were left in limbo, intending parents didn't know how to collect consequently , the surrogacy industry got pushed underground.
Why India is famous for commercial Surrogacy: Foreigners prefer India because it is cheaper and unavablity of commercial surrogacy their own countries.
In India, egg donations are legal and cheaper. While in some countries it is totally banned, and in other countries it has become a big business.
Conclusion: Before such a ban is involed, the government has to take into considerations the needs and aspiration of various people involed in the business.
Primarily there are the babies born through surrogacy whose citizenship and right to be protected by their biology parents is of primary importance.
Surrogacy industry in India is fully grown today. Banning at this stage will only create choes and push the industry underground.
Instead, framing a proper law, providing good technical inputs and good political will would help ease the situation.
Strict regulation should also be put in place to deal with bogus embryologists and doctor, the agents and touts who lure and cheat surrogates.
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