Spoils System, A System Discouraging Merit Based Selection To Public Administration.
Post on 12,September 2017   5:00 AM
By - PolyEyes Staff
views 467
Bookmark and Share

It is also called patronage system. As per this system, a winning political party rewards its campaign workers and supporters by appointing them to government posts or by other favour. Recently 11 appointments made by the State Governor to the Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission were set aside by the Madras High Court and the Supreme Court (SC).

Government needs to prevent this spoils system by making the institutions independent of political interference. This will help improve administrative efficiency and maximize governance by giving emphasis on merit system.

Recent scenario:

The Madras HC observed that appointments were made in a hurry and the process was suspicious since  selection of chairperson of Tamil Nadu Commission for Protection of Child Rights created a legal controversy as the qualifications for the post was not met, thus violating the law.

In Ramashankar Raghuvanshi case (1983), SC observed that employment based on the basis of past political loyalties violates Article 14 and 16 of the constitution.

What does the Article 14 and Article 16 say?

Article 14: State shall not deny equality before law or equal protection of law on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.

Article 16: State shall not deny equality of opportunity in employment for public employment on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, and place of birth, residence or any of them.

In Upendra Narayan Singh case (2009), SC observed that the Public Service Commissions are becoming victims of spoils system. Even appointments and exits of Governors with changes in political dynamics is an indication of a shift towards spoils system in constitutional posts.

Spoils system creates a conflict of interest in the appointee. In absence of any merit based selection, it promotes administrative inefficiency and unnecessary conflict, fueling bureaucratic partiality and political nepotism. It does create a lack of transparency and accountability in the public administration.

Article 320 resulted in the establishment of Public Service Commissions to frame service rules and conditions for selection of meritorious candidates to civil services. Kerala government has recently decided to have a dedicated law to prevent nepotism in government appointments

Concluding Remark: 2nd ARC recommends laying down certain principles for administrative recruitments to avoid spoils system. These principles revolve around a well- defined merit- based procedure for recruitment to all government jobs and wide publicity and open competition for recruitment to all posts. This would minimize discretion in the recruitment process. The selection criteria is based primarily on the written examination or on performance in existing board or university examination with minimum weight given to interview.

These principles can also be included in a Civil Services Bill. Moreover the selection can be done by an independent civil services board at state level with the appointment made by a committee constituted by Chief Minister, Judge etc. who are closely knitted in the executive and legislative scenario of the nation but not political.

Comments ( 0 )
Add a comment
Your name: *
The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.

Related Articles

Prelims Online Test Series
UPSC 2018 Prelims Test Series Registration Link

BPSC 2018 (63RD) PRELIMS Test Series

Most Recent Comments

sir please tell the authenticity of this news .there is no such news on bpsc website and i heard 17 june as the exam date .please clarify the doubt

by Pushkar Verma

r u providing test for BPSC in HINDI medium ?

plz intimate me through emails about BPSC test packages and details of packages and its rate. how many test and when it will be taken plz send details about ur package plans.

by Rajeev Ranjan Kumar

Yes Test is available in Hindi as well English and Total Number of Test and Registration details already given above

by Help Desk

Best thing im loving about This Test series is its Explanation part. Crisp and to the Point. Thanku Polyeyes.

by Tirath Sukla

This is best Test Series. Last year I took it and helped me to score 120+ In BPSC . This year also enrolled and I'm sure it definitely give me edge. Highly recommended.

by Pranjali Sukla

Dear Student your login credentials is your registred phone number as password and your registred email id as under id.



by PolyEyes Help Desk

Hi...I have deposited registration fees for BPSC test series but till today not gate registration no.and payment confirmation. Plz send all details about BPSC test and procedure.

by Nurullah Khan

Answer to Question No. 149 is (a)203 kwh . Kindly go through economic survey of Bihar (2015-16).

by Ashish

ANy vacancy in cecreteriate? 

by Shahbaz Ahmad

I want to know that when the bpscexam will held likewise 60 62 exam


by Abhi
Get RSS Feeds
  • All Stories
  • Recently Published Stories
  • Most Viewed Stories
  • Just In Photos
  • Most Viewed Photos