Strength Of Bihar Agriculture
Post on 27,December 2012   11:00 AM
By - Mr. Sanjay Kumar
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Bihar is an agriculture state most of the people invilved in agriculture related activities the soils of Bihar are light, alluvium derived soils mostly khaddar (recent alluvium) and hanger (Old alluvium). In many areas the soils are deep, loamy and high in organic matter content and hence very suitable for intensive cultivation.

The state has high irrigation potential since water table is high and number of rivers drain through the area. 

Rice-Wheat cropping system dominates in Bihar as farmers concentrate primarily on that. Productivity is an important issue as the average rice yield in this region was found between 1,900–2,100 kg/ha and that of wheat between 2,740–2,770 kg/ha. However, according to the projections of Rice–Wheat Consortium, with good management it has a potential of giving more than twice the current yield.

Bihar has good climatic condition there are three seasons’ hot summer (April–June), hot and humid rainy season (July–October) and cool dry winter (November–March). 

The growing period of crop ranges from 180–210 days in a year. Two crops are common but with irrigation, third crop can also be taken during summer. The annual rainfall in the region is appreciable, ranging between 1,050–1,300 mm.

The region has a number of ICAR Research Institutes and their Regional Stations, Agricultural Universities, Centers of All India Coordinated Research Projects, and Krishi Vigyan Kendras to support the current and ensuing programmes

Bihar has very good potential for quality seed production of field crops, fruits and vegetables and agriculture laborers are available at cheaper rate.



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