Zero Budget Natural Farming Need Of Hour.
Post on 29,July 2019   12:00 AM
By - Miss. Vibha Yadav
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Introduction: Zero budget natural farming (ZBNF) is a method of chemical-free agriculture having it's origin in India. This method is promoted by agriculturist and Padma Shri recipient Subhash Palekar during Green revolution's time to protect farmers from excessive investment in seeds, fertilizer and irrigation.

In this method of farming the cost growing and harvesting crop is zero.

Method
  • ZBNF promotes the application of Jeevamrutha - a mixture of fresh desi dung, aged desi cow urine, jaggery, pulse flour, water and soil on farmland. It adds nutrients to soil, and acts as a catalytic agent to promote activity of microorganisms and earthworms in the soil.
  • Bijamrita, is used for seeds.
  • Water vapour condensation for better soil moisture.
  • Concoctions using neem leaves and pulp, tobacco and green chillies are prepared for insect and pest management.
Need : According to NSSO data, almost 70% of agricultural households spend more than they earn and half of all farmers are in debt.
This method also promotes soil aeration, minimal watering, intercropping, bunds and topsoil mulching and discourages intensive irrigation.

Benefits
  • It is both social and environmental program.
  • Reduces farmer's costs
  • No requirement of excessive irrigation as in green revolution so it's good method to promote in water scarce regions.
Criticisms
  • There is no scientific proof that yields will not be affective.
  • We don't have any idea regarding the long term impact and viability of the method.
  • Some experts from NITI Aayog pointed out that India needed the green revolution in order to become self sufficient and ensure food security.
Government initiatives in the field

  • Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana(PKVY)'s guidelines of 2018 promoting various organic farming models like
    • Natural farming
    • Rishi farming 
    • Vedic farming
    • Cow farming
    • Homa farming
    • Zero budget natural farming etc.
  • Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana(RKVY) scheme 
    • The projects of organic farming decided by respective state level sanctioning committee (SLSC) according to their priority.
Conclusive remark: In order to realize central government's promise to double the farmers income by 2022, one aspect being focused is methods of natural farming which will reduce the dependence of farmers on the loan.

 


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