Border Demarcations Highlighted By Myanmar At Indo-Myanmar Border
Post on 15,May 2017   6:00 AM
By - PolyEyes Staff
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Indo-Myanmar Border Details:

  • India-Myanmar borderis of almost 1,624 km.
  • India-Myanmar border has the Free Movement Regime (FMR) which allows the tribes living along the border to travel 16-km across the boundary without visa restrictions.
  • There are over 250 villages with over 300,000 people living within 10 km of the border who frequently cross the border through 150 small and large, formal and informal, border crossings.
  • The states from India which share boundaries with Myanmar are Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland.


  • Myanmar will construct the fence in its Naga self-administered zone 10 meters from the demarcation border line for effective border management.
  • The Northeast insurgents like NSCN-K move seamlessly between the two countries as they find it safe after carrying out attacks in India.
  • Evidently in 2015, India carried out surgical strikes against NSCN-K by crossing the border in response to the killing of a troop contingent by the insurgents.
  • Supreme Court has also asked the government to fence the eastern border like the western one.

Why is it questioned then ?

  • India being a sovereign country as the constitution mandates it to be, recent surgical strike by India, arises doubts whether National Security of one country can be given precedence over the Sovereignty of the other country.
  • Fencing at border imply it be a move to protect sovereignty.
  • Right to livelihood and trade is also being questioned as this border gives tribal people free mobility up to 16 km on either side without visa (known as Free Movement Regime).Fencing may disturb these trade activities hampering seamless movement disturbing the routine and economic scenario for the citizens.
  • This may lead to armed conflicts by locals as already anticipated by the silent Special Forces working in the country.

Concluding Remark: The act of fencing is a bit rude and definitely touches sensitive areas. In a situation of diplomatic relations and border conflicts such steps have always been notorious rather than being praiseworthy. Alternative strategies can be taken up like-Selective fencing and efficient penetration of advanced technology to check the militant’s movements. Special Forces can be deployed to check the movement and regulate the flow of cross- border movement.Since the issue involves two countries, it is essential to have tripartite talks between both the governments and the locals before the finalization and implementation of such plans.Regulated borders with greater emphasis on developing people-to- people contacts and cross-border trade initiatives are likely to yield greater security benefits as against a closed border that may lead to a disturbed security environment amidst popular discontent.

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